Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

The problem of Urinary Tract infection which is also known as (Aka) UTI is so common than you’ll even imagine. Urinary tract infection simply is the infection of that part of the body responsible for urination, that is a layman common sense simple explanation. But there is more to that elementary definition. Let’s get the details here.

The urinary tract:
Before writing about the infection of the urinary tract it is important to know what the urinary tract is. The urinary tract is made up of the bladder, the kidneys, the ureter, and the urethra. These are just parts of the body that are responsible for removing the urine and other liquid body waste. The kidneys help filter the blood of waste and excess water to form the urine. This urine then flows down through the Ureters to be stored in the bladder until they are ready to be removed through the Urethra when you urinate.
What is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of all or any part of the urinary tract. It could be infection of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureter or the urethra. This infection is usually cause by bacteria, especially the bacteria named E. Coli (Escherichia Coli) and others like Chlamydia and Mycoplasma.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of UTI?
The most common symptoms of UTI are:

–     Pain and burning sensation when urinating

–       Cloudy, bloody, or strong smelling urine

–       Strong and frequent urge to urinate

–       Nausea and vomiting

–       Abdominal pain and muscle aches

–       In case of a severely infected kidney the patient may have pain in the upper back

–       Fever, fatigue, shaking chills and mental changes demanding emergency care.

What are the risk factors of getting UTI?

–       Diabetic patients have a high risk, others are

–       Inability to empty your bladder during urination

–       Blocked urine flow

–       Patients carrying urinary catheter

–       Pregnant patients

–       Patients with suppressed immune system

–       The use of spermicides and tampons

–       Excess us of antibiotics, because it disrupts natural flora of the urinary tract.

–       Sexual irregularity, that is multiple partners or excessive sex

–       Holding urine for too long or inability to empty bladder completely

–       Enlarge prostate

–       Uncircumcised men

–       Wiping from back to front after bowel movement, brings bacteria into urethra

–       Women gets UTI more often than men

–       Older adults have UTI more than younger people.

When to see a doctor for UTI:

You should call your doctor when you experience any of the symptoms with

–       Fever and shaking

–       Nausea and vomiting

–       If you have diabetes

–       If you’re pregnant

–       Children and elderly

–       When taking cancer drugs, on chemotherapy because of suppressed immune system.

How to prevent UTI:

–       Drink lots of water daily 6 to 8 ounces to flush out bacteria

–       Wipe yourself from front to back after bowel movement

–       Urinate before and after sexual intercourse

–       Wear clean underwear or pantyhose every day

–       Avoid using diaphragm as contraceptive

–       Don’t soak in a bath for more than 30 minutes at a time, no bubble bath for kids

–       If you’re uncircumcised man, wash your foreskin regularly

Home Remedy for UTI:

–       Reduce the intake of processed food, fruit juice, alcohol and sugar

–       Use heating pad

–       Supplements like Vitamin C, beta-carotene, and zinc to boost immune system

–       Probiotics like lactobacillus and acidophilus can help protect against bacteria

–       Cranberry juice can help but has not been proven effective

Treatment of UTI:

Contact your doctor for complete diagnosis to rule out other medical problems.

–       Doctor will do simple test of urinalysis and urine culture

–       Antibiotics are usually ordered to kill the bacteria causing UTI

–       You should finish the antibiotics ordered by the doctor and dispensed by the Pharmacist. Follow all instructions as directed and report any problems you may have to your doctor or Pharmacist.

Below is a picture of the urinary tract that is affected by the UTI

UTI no 2

References:

https://www.medicinenet.com/urinary_tract_infection/article.htm

https://medlineplus.gov/urinarytractinfections.html

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The Touch of Faith 

“If I may but touch His garment, I shall be whole.” Matthew 9:21.
 It was a poor woman who spoke these words—a woman who for twelve years had suffered from a disease that made her life a burden. She had spent all her means upon physicians and remedies, only to be pronounced incurable. But as she heard of the Great Healer, her hopes revived. She thought, “If only I could get near enough to speak to Him, I might be healed.” Christ was on His way to the home of Jairus, the Jewish rabbi who had entreated Him to come and heal his daughter. The heartbroken petition, “My little daughter lieth at the point of death: I pray Thee, come and lay Thy hands on her, that she may be healed” (Mark 5:23), had touched the tender, sympathetic heart of Christ, and He at once set out with the ruler for his home. *When was the last time you touched the garments of Jesus? Yes we can do it with faith and receive the healing miracles that we need. 

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Fibromyalgia: What you should know

Have you ever felt a weird pain over your entire body that just won’t go away? The pain is just persistent and unusual that even your doctor can’t figure out what is making you sick. The good doctor may even order a lab test of your blood but the result will show that everything looks good. When this happens it is about time to start thinking about Fibromyalgia. Do you know what it is? Have ever thought about it? Okay don’t worry this blog will familiarize you with this chronic debilitating health condition that is so common but still unknown to many people.

FIBROMYALGIA

What is it?
Fibromyalgia is a very common and chronic condition that affects the bones and muscles with generalized pain and fatigue. It will last for a very long time and for some people it will last their lifetime.

What causes it?
Medical researchers have been studying this condition but unfortunately they haven’t found the cause of the problem. They only suspect that it may be due to some kind of problem between the brain and spinal cord that affects the processing of pain signals from the nerves. At this time the conclusion is that nobody knows the cause of Fibromyalgia.

What are the predisposing factors?
Unfortunately about 80 to 90% of those that gets it are adult women but men and children also get the problem. So females are more predisposed to getting it than men. Generally about three million people are affected by fibromyalgia every year and these people fall into the age group of 18 years and older. The other predisposing factors for getting fibromyalgia are:

  1. Lack of exercise
  2. The presence of arthritis or infection
  3. Mood disorder or anxiety disorder
  4. Depression and
  5. Post traumatic disorder (PTSD)

What are the symptoms?

  1. The major one is general body pain and aches affecting the muscles, joints and bones. There is muscle pain, burning, twitching and tightness.
  2. There is tender point and low pain threshold
  3. Fatigue
  4. Trouble concentrating and remembering things, this has been referred to as “fibro fog”.
  5. Headache and patient peeing often than normal
  6. Numbness, tingling in the face, arms, legs, feet and hands
  7. Lack of sleep or insomnia

Diagnosis: There is no lab test for finding if you have fibromyalgia but your doctor will try to rule out if there are other reasons for your general body pain.

Treatment:

  1. Depending on how severe the problem is, the doctor will prescribe pain medicine, antidepressants or muscle relaxers. The three medicines currently approved by the U.S Food and drug administration (FDA) to treat fibromyalgia are Duloxetine, Milnacaprin and Pregabalin.
  2. Regular exercise is the key to controlling fibromyalgia
  3. Complementary treatments with acupuncture, massage therapy and chiropractic manipulation can help with aches and stress.Fibromyalgia 1

    References:
    https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/fibromyalgia/
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Hepatitis A Infection

Recently there has been outbreaks of hepatitis A infection in many cities when we thought this infection is under control. The recent outbreaks has been in Southern California cities of San Diego and Los Angeles. It’s about time we review this viral infection and the important preventive measures to protect our health.

What is Hepatitis A?

This is a viral liver disease which is caused by the Hepatitis A virus. It will cause you to have a mild to severe illness and it is usually acute or of short duration because people will get better after few weeks even without treatment.

How is hepatitis A spread?

This disease is mainly spread through the faecal-oral route; when an uninfected person ingests food or drink that has been contaminated with the faeces of an infected person. The disease is spread through food, water, poor hygiene and poor sanitation which could be from lack of hand washing.

Symptoms:

In some cases the patient may not show any symptoms, common ones are

  1. Dark yellow urine and skin i.e. jaundice
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Fever
  5. Abdominal pain
  6. Diarrhea
  7. Fatigue
  8. Malaise

Predisposing factors:

  1. Lack of vaccination with Hepatitis A vaccine
  2. Travel to countries with poor sanitation and contaminated water
  3. Sex with an infected person Hepatitis A
  4. Caring and living in the same house with infected person

Complications:

Hepatitis A infection may lead to liver failure especially in people over 50 years old or people with other liver diseases.

Diagnosis

Doctors will check the symptoms and a blood test. The blood test will show antibodies to the hepatitis A virus specific immunoglobulin G (IgM).

Treatment:

There is no specific treatment but the following are recommended:

  1. Get enough rest
  2. Drink plenty of fluid to replace that lost from diarrhea and vomiting
  3. Eat healthy food
  4. Avoid alcohol because of the effect on the liver
  5. Your doctor may recommend pain medicine

Prevention of Hepatitis A:

  1. Immunization with vaccine, 2 shots of Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for long-term protection of 5 to 8 years.
  2. Food safety with improved sanitation
  3. Safe clean drinking water
  4. Proper disposal of sewage
  5. Personal hygiene practice including proper hand-washing

Hepat A 4

Reference

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs328/en/

https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/pdfs/hepageneralfactsheet.pdf

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Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a disease that affects people’s memory and makes it very hard for the patient to remember things especially recent events. It is ironic that the patient may be able to remember things that happened many years ago in the past but still won’t be able to remember something that just happened. The disease will eventually progress as time goes and other symptoms will start to show up.

Watch the following video to learn more about Alzheimer which is a disease of memory loss affecting millions of people over the age of 65 years. Unfortunately there is no cure but there are treatments to help the patient feel a little better.

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Migraine Headache; What You Should Know

Many people don’t take headache seriously because they assume it is a minor sickness that will resolve by itself even without any medicine. This is usually the case if someone else is complaining about the headache. But bear in mind that headaches come in different severity but the most dangerous ones are “Tension” and “Migraine” headaches. Here’s an educational video to acquaint you with Migraine headache so you can prevent it or get the right help for yourself or your loved ones. 

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He came down to our level; That’s Christmas

Emmanuel! Emmanuel! that is God himself showing the ultimate love for humanity. What is Christmas to you? I hope it’s not the shopping or gifts and certainly not the sports activities that have taken the place of the meaning of Christmas. The holy scripture tells us that Jesus loves all human and took it upon himself to redeem us from the sin that separates us from God the father. He was born by Virgin Mary  on earth and was named “Emmanuel” which means God with us. Despite the fact that the actual date of Jesus birth is not verified as December 25th the world has adopted the day to celebrate the birth of our savior Jesus Christ. We rejoice and celebrate because our savior Jesus Christ was born and that is our only hope of salvation from this world of sin. The devil is in control of this earth because no power was taken from him when he was driven out of heaven. But thank God the power of our Almighty God has subdued the Satanic power through the birth of Jesus Christ.

May I wish you a blessed Christmas and may you enjoy and rejoice because God the son was born on Christmas day. Emmanuel, God with us! Merry Christmas to you and your loved ones.

“Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel”, which means, God with us. Matthew 1:23

Thank you for being part of my blog this year, your support was highly appreciated. Let’s do it again and much better next year, thanks a lot!

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